Cane Toad

The cane toad (Bufo marinus), also known as the giant neotropical toad or marine toad, is a large, terrestrial true toad which is native to Central and South America, but has been introduced to various islands throughout Oceania and the Caribbean. It is a member of the subgenus Rhinella of the genus Bufo, which includes many different true toad species found throughout Central and South America. The cane toad is a prolific breeder; females lay single-clump spawns with thousands of eggs. Its reproductive success is partly because of opportunistic feeding: it has a diet, unusual among anurans, of both dead and living matter. Adults average 10–15 cm (3.9–5.9 in) in length; the largest recorded specimen weighed 2.65 kg (5.8 lb) with a length of 38 cm (15 in) from snout to vent.

The cane toad is an old species. A fossil toad (specimen UCMP 41159) from the La Venta fauna of the late Miocene of Colombia is indistinguishable from modern cane toads from northern South America. It was discovered in a floodplain deposit, which suggests the B. marinus habitat preferences have always been for open areas.

The cane toad has poison glands, and the tadpoles are highly toxic to most animals if ingested. Because of its voracious appetite, the cane toad has been introduced to many regions of the Pacific and the Caribbean islands as a method of agricultural pest control. The species derives its common name from its use against the cane beetle (Dermolepida albohirtum). The cane toad is now considered a pest and an invasive species in many of its introduced regions; of particular concern is its toxic skin, which kills many animals—native predators and otherwise—when ingested.

Read more about Cane ToadTaxonomy, Description, Ecology, Behaviour and Life History, Distribution, Introductions, Uses

Other articles related to "cane toad, toads, toad, cane toads":

Amphibians Of Australia - Australian Amphibian Genera
... The sole species of frog introduced to Australia which has naturalised, is the Cane Toad (Bufo marinus), of the family Bufonidae ... The Cane Toad was introduced to several locations throughout Queensland, and has since spread west and south ... Example species Example photo Australian range Bufo - 1 species True toads Cane Toad (Bufo marinus) Map now out of date Hylidae - 1 sub-family, 3 genera, 78 species Genus Common names Example species Example photo ...
Cane Toads - Ecology, Behaviour and Life History - Defences
... The skin of the adult cane toad is toxic, as well as the enlarged parotoid glands behind the eyes, and other glands across their backs ... When the toads are threatened, their glands secrete a milky-white fluid known as bufotoxin ... been human deaths due to the consumption of cane toads ...
Cane Toads
... Rhinella marina Rhinella marinus Chaunus marinus The cane toad (Bufo marinus), also known as the giant neotropical toad or marine toad, is a large, terrestrial true toad ... genus Bufo, which includes many different true toad species found throughout Central and South America ... The cane toad is a prolific breeder females lay single-clump spawns with thousands of eggs ...
Cane Toad - Uses
... Other than the previously mentioned use as a biological control for pests, the cane toad has been employed in a number of commercial and noncommercial applications ... Traditionally, within the toad's natural range in South America, the Embera-Wounaan would "milk" the toads for their toxin, which was then employed as an arrow poison ... The toad has been hunted as a food source in parts of Peru, and eaten after the removal of the skin and parotoid glands ...
Cane Toads - Uses
... Other than the previously mentioned use as a biological control for pests, the cane toad has been employed in a number of commercial and noncommercial applications ... Traditionally, within the toad's natural range in South America, the Embera-Wounaan would "milk" the toads for their toxin, which was then employed as an arrow poison ... The toad has been hunted as a food source in parts of Peru, and eaten after the removal of the skin and parotoid glands ...

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