Butter is a dairy product made by churning fresh or fermented cream or milk. It is generally used as a spread and a condiment, as well as in cooking, such as baking, sauce making, and pan frying. Butter consists of butterfat, milk proteins and water.
Most frequently made from cows' milk, butter can also be manufactured from the milk of other mammals, including sheep, goats, buffalo, and yaks. Salt, flavorings and preservatives are sometimes added to butter. Rendering butter produces clarified butter or ghee, which is almost entirely butterfat.
Butter is a water-in-oil emulsion resulting from an inversion of the cream, an oil-in-water emulsion; the milk proteins are the emulsifiers. Butter remains a solid when refrigerated, but softens to a spreadable consistency at room temperature, and melts to a thin liquid consistency at 32–35 °C (90–95 °F). The density of butter is 911 g/L (56.9 lb/ft3).
It generally has a pale yellow color, but varies from deep yellow to nearly white. Its unmodified color is dependent on the animals' feed and is commonly manipulated with food colorings in the commercial manufacturing process, most commonly annatto or carotene.
Other articles related to "butter":
... As butter is essentially just the milk fat, it contains only traces of lactose, so moderate consumption of butter is not a problem for the lactose ... People with milk allergies may still need to avoid butter, which contains enough of the allergy-causing proteins to cause reactions ... Butter may play a useful role in dieting by providing satiety ...
... Clarified butter is milk fat rendered from butter to separate the milk solids and water from the butterfat ... Typically, it is produced by melting butter and allowing the components to separate by density ... of the milk solids sink to the bottom and are left behind when the butter fat (which would then be on top) is poured off ...
... Smörgås in turn consists of the words smör (butter, cognate with English smear) and gås (goose) ... means goose, but later referred to the small pieces of butter that formed and floated to the surface of cream while it was churned ... The small butter pieces were just the right size to be placed and flattened out on bread, so smörgås came to mean buttered bread ...
... Squirrel peanut butter was a Canadian brand of peanut butter previously marketed from about 1915 to about 2000 ...
... Sunflower butter, also known as sunflower seed butter, is a food paste made from the oil of sunflower seeds ... SunButter and Trader Joe's sunflower seed butter ...
Famous quotes containing the word butter:
“For a parent, its hard to recognize the significance of your work when youre immersed in the mundane details. Few of us, as we run the bath water or spread the peanut butter on the bread, proclaim proudly, Im making my contribution to the future of the planet. But with the exception of global hunger, few jobs in the world of paychecks and promotions compare in significance to the job of parent.”
—Joyce Maynard (20th century)
“And that is ... how they are. So terribly physically all over one another. They pour themselves one over the other like so much melted butter over parsnips. They catch each other under the chin, with a tender caress of the hand, and they smile with sunny melting tenderness into each others face.”
—D.H. (David Herbert)
“The matter of fees is important, far beyond the mere question of bread and butter involved. Properly attended to, fuller justice is done to both lawyer and client.”
—Abraham Lincoln (18091865)