Butter is a dairy product made by churning fresh or fermented cream or milk. It is generally used as a spread and a condiment, as well as in cooking, such as baking, sauce making, and pan frying. Butter consists of butterfat, milk proteins and water.
Most frequently made from cows' milk, butter can also be manufactured from the milk of other mammals, including sheep, goats, buffalo, and yaks. Salt, flavorings and preservatives are sometimes added to butter. Rendering butter produces clarified butter or ghee, which is almost entirely butterfat.
Butter is a water-in-oil emulsion resulting from an inversion of the cream, an oil-in-water emulsion; the milk proteins are the emulsifiers. Butter remains a solid when refrigerated, but softens to a spreadable consistency at room temperature, and melts to a thin liquid consistency at 32–35 °C (90–95 °F). The density of butter is 911 g/L (56.9 lb/ft3).
It generally has a pale yellow color, but varies from deep yellow to nearly white. Its unmodified color is dependent on the animals' feed and is commonly manipulated with food colorings in the commercial manufacturing process, most commonly annatto or carotene.
Other articles related to "butter":
... Smörgås in turn consists of the words smör (butter, cognate with English smear) and gås (goose) ... but later referred to the small pieces of butter that formed and floated to the surface of cream while it was churned ... The small butter pieces were just the right size to be placed and flattened out on bread, so smörgås came to mean buttered bread ...
... Sunflower butter, also known as sunflower seed butter, is a food paste made from the oil of sunflower seeds ... Leading brands in the United States include SunButter and Trader Joe's sunflower seed butter ...
... Clarified butter is milk fat rendered from butter to separate the milk solids and water from the butterfat ... Typically, it is produced by melting butter and allowing the components to separate by density ... sink to the bottom and are left behind when the butter fat (which would then be on top) is poured off ...
... As butter is essentially just the milk fat, it contains only traces of lactose, so moderate consumption of butter is not a problem for the lactose intolerant ... People with milk allergies may still need to avoid butter, which contains enough of the allergy-causing proteins to cause reactions ... Butter may play a useful role in dieting by providing satiety ...
... Squirrel peanut butter was a Canadian brand of peanut butter previously marketed from about 1915 to about 2000 ...
Famous quotes containing the word butter:
“Strange goings on! Jones did it slowly, deliberately, in the bathroom, with a knife, at midnight. What he did was butter a piece of toast. We are too familiar with the language of action to notice at first an anomaly: the it of Jones did it slowly, deliberately,... seems to refer to some entity, presumably an action, that is then characterized in a number of ways.”
—Donald Davidson (b. 1917)
“The matter of fees is important, far beyond the mere question of bread and butter involved. Properly attended to, fuller justice is done to both lawyer and client.”
—Abraham Lincoln (18091865)
“In mathematics he was greater
Than Tycho Brahe, or Erra Pater:
For he, by geometric scale,
Could take the size of pots of ale;
Resolve, by sines and tangents straight,
If bread and butter wanted weight;
And wisely tell what hour o th day
The clock doth strike, by algebra.”
—Samuel Butler (16121680)