- Здравей (zdravéy) – Hello
- Здрасти (zdrásti) – Hi
- Добро утро (dobró útro) – Good morning
- Добър ден (dóbər dén) – Good day
- Добър вечер (dóbər vécher) – Good evening
- Лека нощ (léka nósht) – Good night
- Довиждане (dovízhdane) – Good-bye
- Как се казваш? (kak se kazvash) – What is your name (informal)?
- Кой си ти? (kóy si ti) – Who are you?
- Коя си ти? (kоyá si ti) – Who are you?
- Кой сте вие? (kóy ste víe)
- Коя сте вие? (kоyá ste víe) – Who are you?
(In the above two examples, the formal expression uses a plural verb but a singular pronoun, which allows speakers to distinguish the two grammatical forms.)
- Кои сте вие? (kоí ste víe) – Who are you?
- Как си? (kák si) – How are you?
- Как сте? (kák sté) – How are you?
- Да (dá) – Yes
- Не (né) – No
- Може би (mózhe bí) – Maybe
- Какво правиш? (kakvó právish) – What are you doing?
- Какво правите? (kakvó právite) – What are you doing?
- Добре съм (dobré səm) – I’m fine
- Всичко хубаво (vsíchko húbavo) – All the best
- Поздрави (pózdravi) – Regards
- Благодаря (blagodaryə́) – Thank you
- Моля (mólya) – Please
- Моля (mólia) – You're welcome
- Извинете! (izvinéte) – Excuse me!
- Извинявай! (izvinyávai) – Sorry!
- Обичам те! (obícham te) – I love you!
- Колко е часът? (kólko e chasə́t) – What’s the time?
- Говорите ли…? (govórite li…) – Do you speak…?
- …английски (anglíyski) – English
- …български (bə́lgarski) – Bulgarian
- …немски (némski) – German
- …полски (polski) – Polish
- …руски (ruski) – Russian
- …холандски (holándski) – Dutch
- …гръцки (grə́tski) – Greek
- …сръбски (srə́bski) – Serbian
- …италиански (italiánski) – Italian
- …испански (ispánski) – Spanish
- …френски (frénski) – French
- …японски (yapónski) – Japanese
- …китайски (kitáyski) – Chinese
- …корейски (koréyski) – Korean
- …арабски (arabski) – Arabic
- Ще се видим скоро (shté sé vídim skóro) – We'll see each other soon
- Ще се видим утре (shté sé vídim útre) – We'll see each other tomorrow
Also, some very frequent expressions have been borrowed from other languages. Most of them are somewhat informal.
- Мерси (mersí) – Thank you; from French (although this word is probably even more common than native "Благодаря", it is inappropriate in very official or solemn contexts)
- Чао (cháo) – Bye; from Italian (the informal counterpart of native "Довиждане", this word is more common than the native)
- Cупep (súper) – Super; (from English, colloquial; note – "Super" remains the same regardless of quantity or gender, although an even more colloquial adjective суперски (súperski) does decline as usual)
- Aло (álo) – Hello on the phone; from French (unlike the above, this word is stylistically neutral).
- Здраве да е! (zdràve da e) – lit. "may there (at least) be health" (used when things have not gone as well as the speaker might have hoped.)
Read more about this topic: Bulgarian Language
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