Inflected imperative forms exist only for the second person. The other persons use periphrastic constructions. All regular verbs, regardless of conjugation, form the imperative mood in the same way:
- Stems ending in a vowel (which include all third-conjugation verbs) use the thematic (semi)vowel й (/j/) between the stem and the personal endings. These verbs usually do not have a stress shift, they keep the stress of the present tense, unless it is on the thematic vowel, in which case it moves on the preceding syllable, since /j/ is not a vowel and cannot be stressed.
- Stems ending in a consonant use the thematic vowel и (/i/) in the singular form and the vowel е (/ɛ/) in the plural form. The stress is always on the thematic vowel.
Some verbs, most notably stems ending in з (/z/) from the first class of the first conjugation, and a few other frequently used ones, use only the bare stem without a thematic vowel:
* The yat vowel changes to е (/ɛ/).
Other articles related to "imperative mood, imperative, mood, moods":
... The imperative mood of the verb is used for giving commands or making requests ... The difference between the infinitive use and the imperative use of the neutral form is that the imperative form is accompanied by a personal pronoun ... (First Person Dual) Imperative verbs do not inflect for aspect ...
... actor role ADJ adjective ADE adessive case ('at' more specific than LOC) ADM admonitive mood (warning) ADV adverb(ial), adverbial case AFF affirmative mood AG, AGT agentive ... later) DEL delative case ('off of'), deliberative mood DEM demonstrative DEO deontic mood DEP dependent (as in DEP.FUT) DES, DESI desiderative mood DEST ... HBL R) HYP hypothetical mood I inflected ID identical (~ NID) IDENTIF identifiable IDEO ideophone (≈ MIM) IGNOR ignorative ILL illative case ('into') IMM immediate, as in immediate imperative mood, near future ...
... (lot lakar) is used with the verb to form the imperative mood ... To form the negative, न (na) is placed before the verb in the imperative mood ...
... Grammatical mood is one of a set of distinctive forms that are used to signal modality ... In Spanish, every verb has forms in three moods ... Indicative mood The indicative mood, or evidential mood, is used for factual statements and positive beliefs ...
Famous quotes containing the words mood and/or imperative:
“Craving that old sweet oneness yet dreading engulfment, wishing to be our mothers and yet be our own, we stormily swing from mood to mood, advancing and retreatingthe quintessential model of two-mindedness.”
—Judith Viorst (20th century)
“Because humans are not alone in exhibiting such behaviorbees stockpile royal jelly, birds feather their nests, mice shred paperits possible that a pregnant woman who scrubs her house from floor to ceiling [just before her baby is born] is responding to a biological imperative . . . . Of course there are those who believe that . . . the burst of energy that propels a pregnant woman to clean her house is a perfectly natural response to their mothers impending visit.”
—Mary Arrigo (20th century)