Basque Language

Basque Language

Basque (endonym: Euskara, ) is the ancestral language of the Basque people, who inhabit the Basque Country, a region spanning an area in northeastern Spain and southwestern France. It is spoken by 27% of Basques in all territories (714,136 out of 2,648,998). Of these, 663,035 live in the Spanish part of the Basque country and the remaining 51,100 live in the French part.

In academic discussions of the distribution of Basque in Spain and France, it is customary to refer to three ancient provinces in France and four Spanish provinces. Native speakers are concentrated in a contiguous area including parts of the Spanish Autonomous Communities of the Basque Country and Navarre and in the western half of the French Département of Pyrénées-Atlantiques. The Basque Autonomous Community is an administrative entity within the binational ethnographic Basque Country incorporating the traditional Spanish provinces of Biscay, Gipuzkoa, and Álava, which retain their existence as politico-administrative divisions.

These provinces and many areas of Navarre are heavily populated by ethnic Basques, but the Euskara language had, at least until the 1990s, all but disappeared from most of Álava, western parts of Biscay and central and southern areas of Navarre. In southwestern France, the ancient Basque-populated provinces were Labourd, Lower Navarre, and Soule. They and other regions were consolidated into a single département in 1790 under the name Basses-Pyrénées, a name which persisted until 1970.

A standardized form of the Basque language, called Euskara Batua, was developed by the Basque Language Academy in the late 1960s. Euskara Batua was created so that Basque language could be used—and easily understood by all Basque speakers—in formal situations (education, mass media, literature), and this is its main use nowadays. The role of this standard Basque language depends on the linguistic educational model of each region and each school. In most areas of the Basque Country, the educational Model D, where all subjects are taught in Basque, except "Spanish language and literature" (which is taught in Spanish) is now the predominant model. In France, the Basque language school Seaska and the association for a bilingual (Basque and French) schooling Ikasbi meet a wide range of Basque language educational needs up to the Sixth Form, while often struggling to surmount financial and administrative constraints.

Apart from this standardized version, there are five main Basque dialects: Bizkaian, Gipuzkoan, and Upper Navarrese in Spain, and Navarrese-Lapurdian and Zuberoan (in France). Although they take their names from the mentioned historic provinces, the dialect boundaries are not congruent with province boundaries.

Read more about Basque LanguageNames of The Language, History and Classification, Geographic Distribution, Grammar, Phonology, Vocabulary, Writing System

Other articles related to "basque language, basque, language, basques":

Catalan Name - Spain's Other Languages - Basque Names
... See also Basque language and Basque surnames The territories under the influence of Basque culture, mainly the Basque Country and Navarre, usually follow Spanish naming ... A bilingual Basque-Spanish speaker will not necessarily bear a Basque name, and a monolingual Spanish speaker can use a Basque name or a Basque hypocoristic of an official ... Some Basque-language names and surnames are foreign transliterations into the Basque tongue, e.g ...
Standard Basque
... Standard Basque (Basque Euskara Batua or simply Batua) is a standardised version of the Basque language, developed by the Basque Language Academy in the late 1960s, which nowadays is the most widely and commonly ... Heavily based on the central Basque dialect, this is the version of the language commonly used in education at all levels—from elementary school to the university—, on television and radio, and in ... Basque traditional dialects are still used in the situations where they always were used (native Basque speakers speaking in informal situations), while the Euskara Batua has conquered new fields for the ...
Practical Application of Linguistic Rights - Disputes Over Linguistic Rights - Basque, Spain
... See also Basque Language The linguistic situation for Basque is a precarious one ... The Basque language is considered to be a low language in Spain, where, until about 1982, the Basque Language was not used in administration ... In 1978, a law was passed allowing for Basque to be used in administration side by side with Spanish in the Basque Autonomous Communities ...
Late Basquisation - Evidence
... Celtic establishments in the current territory of the Basque Country (though apparently not in the Pyrenean valleys of Navarre) ... is observed all over Álava and Biscay, thus being concluded that the Caristii and Varduli were not Basque tribes or peoples, but that they were Indo-Europeans like their ... over those areas were not Pre-Indo-European Basques, as it has been traditionally assumed, but they would be Indo-European ...
Standard Basque - Advantages of Euskara Batua
... Koldo Zuazo, six are the main advantages that Euskara Batua has brought to the Basque language Basque speakers can easily understand each other by using Euskara Batua ... Before the creation of the Euskara Batua, Basque speakers had to turn to Spanish or French to discuss highbrow topics or work subjects—Euskara Batua gives them a suitable tool for this ... people than ever have been able to learn the Basque language ...

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