List of Letters
The letters of the Basque alphabet are the 26 letters of the ISO basic Latin alphabet plus the ñ (and the ç, as a variant of the c).
This is the whole list, plus the IPA phonology:
|C||ze* (and its variant Ç ze hautsia*)||/s/, /k/|
|D||de||/d/, /d̪/, /ð/|
|J||jota||/j/, /x/, /ʝ/, /ɟ/|
|Y||i grekoa*||/i/, /i̭/|
|* Although letters C, Ç, Q, V, W, and Y
are not used in writing traditional
All letters and digraphs represent unique phonemes. The main exception is when l or n are preceded by i, that in most dialects palatalizes their sound into /ʎ/ and /ɲ/, even if these are not written. Hence, Ikurriña can also be written Ikurrina without changing the sound, while the proper name Ainhoa requires the mute h to break the palatalization of the n.
H is mute in most regions, but in the Northeast is pronounced in many places, the main reason for its existence in the Basque alphabet. Its acceptance was a matter of contention during the standardization since the speakers of the most extended dialects had to learn where to place these h's, silent for them.
Read more about this topic: Basque Alphabet
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