Basic English

Basic English, also known as Simple English, is an English-based controlled language created (in essence as a simplified subset of English) by linguist and philosopher Charles Kay Ogden as an international auxiliary language, and as an aid for teaching English as a Second Language. It was presented in Ogden's book Basic English: A General Introduction with Rules and Grammar (1930). Capitalised, BASIC is sometimes taken as an acronym that stands for British American Scientific International Commercial.

Ogden's Basic, and the concept of a simplified English, gained its greatest publicity just after the Allied victory in the Second World War as a means for world peace. Although Basic English was not built into a program, similar simplifications have been devised for various international uses. Ogden's associate I. A. Richards promoted its use in schools in China. More recently, it has influenced the creation of Voice of America's Special English for news broadcasting, and Simplified English, another English-based controlled language designed to write technical manuals.

What survives today of Ogden's Basic English is the basic 850-word list used as the beginner's vocabulary of the English language taught worldwide, especially in Asia.

Read more about Basic English:  Design Principles, Word Lists, Rules, Criticism, Literary References

Other articles related to "english, basic english":

Gulf (novel) - Speedtalk
... Any English sentence can be composed from a small vocabulary, such as the word set of Basic English ... In Speedtalk, each word from the Basic English set is assigned to a different sound ... A sentence in Basic English can therefore be pronounced in perhaps one fourth the normal time ...
Charles Kay Ogden - Basic English
... The advocacy of Basic English became his primary activity from 1925 until his death ... Basic English is an auxiliary international language of 850 words comprising a system that covers everything necessary for day-to-day purposes ... To promote Basic English, Ogden in 1927 founded the Orthological Institute, from orthology, the abstract term he proposed for its work (see orthoepeia) ...
Basic English - Literary References
... Wells depicted Basic English as the lingua franca of a new elite which after a prolonged struggle succeeds in uniting the world and establishing a totalitarian ... to 1944 George Orwell was a proponent of Basic English, but in 1945 he became critical of universal languages ... Basic English later inspired his use of Newspeak in Nineteen Eighty-Four ...
Sudanese English - Dialects and Varieties - Simplified and Constructed Varieties
... Basic English is a constructed language, with a restricted number of words, created by Charles Kay Ogden and described in his book Basic English A General Introduction with Rules and Grammar (193 ... that it would take seven years to learn English, seven months for Esperanto, and seven weeks for Basic English ... Thus, Basic English may be employed by companies that need to make complex books for international use, as well as by language schools that need to impart some knowledge of English in a short time ...

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