Baptist Churches

Baptist Churches

Baptists are Christians who comprise a group of denominations and churches that subscribe to a doctrine that baptism should be performed only for professing believers (believer's baptism, as opposed to infant baptism), and that it must be done by immersion (as opposed to affusion or sprinkling). Other tenets of Baptist churches include soul competency (liberty), salvation through faith alone, scripture alone as the rule of faith and practice, and the autonomy of the local congregation. Baptists recognize two ministerial offices, pastors and deacons. Baptist churches are widely considered to be Protestant churches, though some Baptists disavow this identity.

Diverse from their beginning, those identifying as Baptists today differ widely from one another in what they believe, how they worship, their attitudes toward other Christians, and their understanding of what is important in Christian discipleship.

Historians trace the earliest church labeled "Baptist" back to 1609 in Amsterdam, with English Separatist John Smyth as its pastor. In accordance with his reading of the New Testament, he rejected baptism of infants and instituted baptism only of believing adults. Baptist practice spread to England, where the General Baptists considered Christ's atonement to extend to all people, while the Particular Baptists believed that it extended only to the elect. In 1638, Roger Williams established the first Baptist congregation in the North American colonies. In the mid-18th century, the First Great Awakening increased Baptist growth in both New England and the South. The Second Great Awakening in the South in the early 19th century increased church membership, as did the preachers' lessening of support for abolition and manumission of slavery, which had been part of the 18th-century teachings. Baptist missionaries have spread their church to every continent.

The Baptist World Alliance reports more than 41 million members in more than 150,000 congregations. In 2002, there were over 100 million Baptists and Baptistic group members worldwide and over 33 million in North America. The largest Baptist association is the Southern Baptist Convention, with the membership of associated churches totaling more than 16 million.

Read more about Baptist ChurchesOrigins, Baptist Affiliations, Baptist Beliefs and Principles, Beliefs That Vary Among Baptists, Controversies That Have Shaped Baptists

Other articles related to "baptist churches, baptist, churches, baptists":

Bapticostal Movement
... The Bapticostal movement is a movement in some Baptist churches towards adopting certain elements of the charismatic movement ... The word Bapticostal is a portmanteau of Baptist and Pentecostal ... But it also describes those churches where members profess to have and exhibit the charismatic gifts that are practiced in Pentecostalism such as speaking in tongues, being slain in the Spirit, or being granted a ...
Baptist Denominations In Europe - South & Central America
... Central America Baptist Association of El Salvador (AsociacĂ­on Bautista de El Salvador)(Liberation Theology Church Affiliated to World Council of Churches and American Baptist Churches) Baptist Convention of ...
Baptist Churches - Controversies That Have Shaped Baptists - Modernist Crisis
... modernism in the latter 19th and 20th century also greatly affected Baptists ... been described as a reaction against incipient modernism among Southern Baptists ... The Northern Baptist Convention in the United States had internal conflict over modernism in the early 20th century, ultimately embracing it ...
Sky Force - History - Origins of The Program
... The group began as "Sky Teens" in 1954 at Waverly Road Baptist Church in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, which is affiliated with the Fellowship of Evangelical ... II and pastor of numerous churches during his lifetime ... Roy Lawson, who went on to pastor several churches, lead other youth and family organizations and led the Fellowship of Evangelical Baptist Churches ...
Asia Pacific Baptist Federation - Members
... body Congregations Members Australia Baptist Union of Australia 916 63,031 Bangladesh Bangladesh Baptist Sangha Bangladesh Baptist Fellowship Garo Baptist Convention ...

Famous quotes containing the words churches and/or baptist:

    Political organizations have slowly substituted themselves for the Churches as the places for believing practices.... Politics has once again become religious.
    Michel de Certeau (1925–1986)

    I am perhaps being a bit facetious but if some of my good Baptist brethren in Georgia had done a little preaching from the pulpit against the K.K.K. in the ‘20s, I would have a little more genuine American respect for their Christianity!
    Franklin D. Roosevelt (1882–1945)