Bangladesh

Bangladesh (i/ˈbɑːŋɡlədɛʃ/ or i/bæŋɡləˈdɛʃ/; Bengali: বাংলাদেশ), officially the People's Republic of Bangladesh (গণপ্রজাতন্ত্রী বাংলাদেশ Gônoprojatontri Bangladesh), is a country in South Asia. It is bordered by India and Burma (Myanmar) and faces the Bay of Bengal to its south. Together with the Indian state of West Bengal, it makes up the ethnolinguistic region of Bengal. The name Bangladesh literally means "Bengal Country" in the official Bengali language.

The present-day borders of the country were established during the British partition of Bengal in 1947, when the region became East Pakistan, part of the newly formed nation of Pakistan. However, it was separated from West Pakistan by nearly 1,500 km (about 900 mi) of Indian territory. Due to political exclusion, ethnic and linguistic discrimination and economic neglect by the politically dominant western wing, popular agitation grew and gave rise to a secular cultural nationalist movement, leading to the declaration of independence and Bangladesh Liberation War in 1971. In the aftermath of war and independence, the new state endured poverty, famine, political turmoil and military coups. The restoration of democracy in 1991 has been followed by relative calm and economic progress.

Bangladesh is a unitary secular parliamentary republic, with an elected parliament called the Jatiyo Sangshad. It is the world's eighth most populous country and has one of the highest population densities in the world. The Bengali people form the vast majority of the population, however Bangladesh is also home to various indigenous peoples in its northern and southeastern districts. The country is identified as a Next Eleven economy. It is a founding member of regional groupings SAARC and BIMSTEC, and is a member of the Commonwealth, the Non-Aligned Movement, the OIC and the Developing 8 Countries.

Geographically, the country straddles the Ganges-Brahmaputra Delta and is subjected to annual floods and cyclones. The country faces a number of major challenges, including poverty, corruption, overpopulation and vulnerability to climate change. However, Bangladesh has been noted for its progress on the Human Development Index. The country has increased life expectancy by 23 years, achieved gender parity in education, reduced population growth and improved maternal and child health. Dhaka and Chittagong, the country's two largest cities, have been the driving force behind much of the recent growth.

Read more about Bangladesh:  Geography, Politics, Foreign Relations and Military, Economy, Demographics, Education, Health, Culture

Other articles related to "bangladesh":

Jagrata Muslim Janata Bangladesh
... Jānātā Bānglādesh (Awakened Muslim Masses of Bangladesh), also known by the acronym JMJB, is an Islamist organisation based in Bangladesh, especially around the country's north-western region ... The Government of Bangladesh has classified JMJB as a terrorist organisation ... Times article based upon the rise of Islamic radicalism in Bangladesh ...
Hinduism In Bangladesh - Community Issues - The Rahman and Hussein Regimes (1975–1990)
... system thus allowing organizations such as and Jamaat-e-Islami Bangladesh (an offshoot of the Islamist Jamaat-e-Islami in Pakistan) to regroup and contest elections ... In 1988 President Hussein Mohammed Ershad declared Islam to be the State Religion of Bangladesh ... the largest communal disturbances since Bangladesh independence, as a means of diverting attention from the rapidly increasing opposition to his rule ...
Abdur Razzak (cricketer) - Return
... In July 2009, on Bangladesh's tour of the West Indies, Razzak represented Bangladesh in international cricket for the first time since his suspension ... the man-of-the-match award, helped Bangladesh defeat the West Indies by 52 runs ... He finished as Bangladesh's leading wicket-taker in the three match series, with 7 wickets at 22.85, however he was injured in the final match ...
List Of Schools Of Veterinary Medicine - Bangladesh
... Bangladesh Agricultural University Chittagong Veterinary and Animal Sciences University Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University Patuakhali Science and Technology University Rajshahi ...
Bangladesh - Culture - Sports
... Main article Sports in Bangladesh Cricket is one of the most popular sports in Bangladesh, followed by football (soccer) ... In 2011, Bangladesh successfully co-hosted the ICC Cricket World Cup 2011 with India and Sri Lanka ... Also in 2011, Bangladesh beat England in an ODI ...