Bandgap Voltage Reference

A bandgap voltage reference is a temperature independent voltage reference circuit widely used in integrated circuits, usually with an output voltage around 1.25 V, close to the theoretical 1.22 eV bandgap of silicon at 0 K. This circuit concept was first published by David Hilbiber in 1964. Bob Widlar, Paul Brokaw and others followed up with other commercially successful versions.

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Other articles related to "bandgap voltage reference, voltage":

Bandgap Voltage Reference - Operation
... The voltage difference between two p-n junctions (e.g ... This current is used to generate a voltage in a second resistor ... This voltage in turn is added to the voltage of one of the junctions (or a third one, in some implementations) ...

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    If we define a sign as an exact reference, it must include symbol because a symbol is an exact reference too. The difference seems to be that a sign is an exact reference to something definite and a symbol an exact reference to something indefinite.
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