Babi Yar

Babi Yar (Russian: Бабий Яр; Ukrainian: Бабин Яр, Babyn Yar) is a ravine in the Ukrainian capital Kiev and a site of a series of massacres carried out by the Nazis during their campaign against the Soviet Union.

The most notorious and the best documented of these massacres took place on September 29–30, 1941, wherein 33,771 Jews were killed in a single operation. The decision to kill all the Jews in Kiev was made by the military governor, Major-General Kurt Eberhard, the Police Commander for Army Group South, SS-Obergruppenführer Friedrich Jeckeln, and the Einsatzgruppe C Commander Otto Rasch. It was carried out by Sonderkommando 4a soldiers, along with the aid of the SD and SS Police Battalions. The massacre was the largest single mass killing for which the Nazi regime and its collaborators were responsible during its campaign against the Soviet Union and is considered to be "the largest single massacre in the history of the Holocaust".

Victims of other massacres at the site included thousands of Soviet POWs, communists, Gypsies (Romani people), Ukrainian nationalists and civilian hostages. It is estimated that between 100,000 and 150,000 more lives were taken at Babi Yar.

Read more about Babi Yar:  Historical Background, Massacres of 29–30 September 1941, Survivors, Further Executions, Syrets Concentration Camp, Concealment of The Crimes, Remembrance, In Fiction, Mudslide

Other articles related to "babi yar":

Syrets Concentration Camp - Inmate Revolt
... Nazis retreated from Kiev, they attempted to conceal the many atrocities they had committed at Babi Yar ... Paul Blobel, who was in control of the mass murders in Babi Yar two years earlier, supervised the Sonderaktion 1005 in eliminating its traces ... that at least one of them must survive to tell the world about what happened in Babi Yar ...
Babi Yar: A Document In The Form Of A Novel
... Babi Yar A Document in the Form of a Novel (Russian Бабий яр ... is an internationally acclaimed documentary novel by Anatoly Kuznetsov about the Babi Yar massacre ...
Holocausto - Development and Execution - Death Squads (1941–1943)
... in the Soviet Union, and War crimes of the Wehrmacht See also Babi Yar, Rumbula massacre, Kamianets-Podilskyi Massacre, and Ponary massacre The German invasion of the Soviet Union in June 1941 opened a new ... in the Soviet Union was at a ravine called Babi Yar outside Kiev, where 33,771 Jews were killed in a single operation on 29–30 September 1941 ... up the Jews of Kiev and transporting them to be shot at Babi Yar ...
Babi Yar - Mudslide
... Babi Yar was also the site of a large mudslide in the spring of 1961 ... An earthen dam in the ravine had held loam pulp that had been pumped from the local brick factories for ten years without sufficient drainage ...
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... The gestation of Shostakovich's Thirteenth Symphony, Babi Yar, was only slightly less straightforward ... He set the poem Babi Yar by Yevgeny Yevtushenko almost immediately upon reading it, initially considering it a single-movement composition ... that Shostakovich did so by complementing Babi Yar's theme of Jewish suffering with Yevtushenko's verses about other Soviet abuses "'At the Store' is a tribute to the women who have to stand ...