Babë Dud Karbunara - Life


His grandfather had moved from Trozhar near Tërpan to Berat, where his son Theodhor later worked as a goldwork embroiderer. Babë Dud Karbunara, son of Theodhor was born as Jorgji Karbunara on April 22, 1842 in the Kala neighbourhood of Berat. He initially studied in Corfu and later continued his studies in Trieste. During the League of Prizren era he started an emigre branch of the organization in Corfu. Karbunara's activism primarily focused on the opening of Albanian-language schools in his native region, Berat. Karbunara's activity as a teacher of Albanian was banned in the 1890s and it led to his house being burnt by Ottoman agents on September 14, 1894. After the establishment of the 1908 constitution, along with other Rilindas of the city he opened two Albanian-language schools in Berat. During the Albanian Revolt of 1912 he organized the assembly of Sinjë, where the rebel bands of southern Albania signed the memorandum of Sinjë, a list of demands regarding Albanian rights in the Ottoman state.

In November 1912, he participated as a delegate and signatory of Berat in the Assembly of Vlorë, in which the independence of Albania was declared and a national congress was formed. The deputies of the national congress also elected eighteen delegates of the assembly to form the Albanian Senate, of which Ajdin Draga was a member as a senator of Berat. On June 30, 1914 he was attacked by an Ottoman mob led by Essadist Musa Qazimi. He died on December 19, 1917 and was buried in the cemetery of St. George's church of the city. In 1937, a bust of Karbunara by sculptor Dhimitër Çami was presented in Berat, while during the Communist era he was posthumously awarded the Mësues i Popullit (English: Teacher of the People) medal.

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