Auk - Systematics

Systematics

Family Alcidae (=Pan-Alcidae)

  • Basal and incertae sedis
    • Alcodes (fossil: Late Miocene of Orange County, USA)
    • Hydrotherikornis (fossil: Late Eocene of Oregon, USA) – disputed
    • "Mancalla" diegensis (fossil: Middle Pliocene of California, USA)
    • "Mancalla" milleri (fossil)
    • "Mancalla" emlongi (fossil)
    • Pseudocepphus (fossil: Middle - Late Miocene) – basal Alcinae?
    • Subfamily Petralcinae (fossil) – disputed
      • Petralca (Early ?- Late Oligocene of Austria)
    • Subfamily Mancallinae (fossil)
      • Praemancalla (Late Miocene - Early Pliocene of Orange County, USA)
      • Mancalla (Late Miocene - Early Pleistocene of W North America)
      • Miomancalla
  • Family Alcidae (crown group)
    • Basal and incertae sedis
      • Miocepphus (fossil: Middle Miocene of CE USA)
    • Subfamily Alcinae
      • Tribe Alcini – typical auks and murres
        • Uria
          • Common Guillemot or Common Murre, Uria aalge
          • Brunnich's Guillemot or Thick-billed Murre, Uria lomvia
        • Little Auk or Dovekie, Alle alle
        • Great Auk, Pinguinus impennis (extinct, c.1844)
        • Razorbill, Alca torda
      • Tribe Synthliboramphini – synthliboramphine murrelets
        • Synthliboramphus
          • Xantus's Murrelet, Synthliboramphus hypoleucus – sometimes separated in Endomychura
          • Craveri's Murrelet, Synthliboramphus craveri – sometimes separated in Endomychura
          • Ancient Murrelet, Synthliboramphus antiquus
        • Japanese Murrelet, Synthliboramphus wumizusume
      • Tribe Cepphini – true guillemots
        • Cepphus
          • Black Guillemot or Tystie, Cepphus grylle
          • Pigeon Guillemot, Cepphus columba
            • Kurile Guillemot, Cepphus (columba) snowi
          • Spectacled Guillemot, Cepphus carbo
      • Tribe Brachyramphini – brachyramphine murrelets
        • Brachyramphus
          • Marbled Murrelet, Brachyramphus marmoratus
          • Long-billed Murrelet Brachyramphus perdix
          • Kittlitz's Murrelet, Brachyramphus brevirostris
    • Subfamily Fraterculinae
      • Tribe Aethiini – auklets
        • Ptychoramphus
          • Cassin's Auklet, Ptychoramphus aleuticus
        • Aethia
          • Parakeet Auklet, Aethia psittacula
          • Crested Auklet, Aethia cristatella
          • Whiskered Auklet, Aethia pygmaea
          • Least Auklet, Aethia pusilla
      • Tribe Fraterculini – puffins
        • Rhinoceros Auklet, Cerorhinca monocerata
        • Fratercula
          • Atlantic Puffin, Fratercula arctica
          • Horned Puffin, Fratercula corniculata
          • Tufted Puffin, Fratercula cirrhata

Biodiversity of auks seems to have been markedly higher during the Pliocene. See the genus accounts for prehistoric species.

Read more about this topic:  Auk

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