Auctoritas

Auctoritas is a Latin word and is the origin of English "authority." While historically its use in English was restricted to discussions of the political history of Rome, the beginning of phenomenological philosophy in the 20th century expanded the use of the word.

In ancient Rome, Auctoritas referred to the general level of prestige a person had in Roman society, and, as a consequence, his clout, influence, and ability to rally support around his will. Auctoritas was not merely political, however; it had a numinous content and symbolized the mysterious "power of command" of heroic Roman figures.

Read more about Auctoritas:  Etymology and Origin, Political Meaning in Ancient Rome, Middle Ages, Hannah Arendt, Giorgio Agamben

Other articles related to "auctoritas":

Giorgio Agamben - Work - State of Exception (2005) - Auctoritas, "charisma" and Führertum Doctrine
... Agamben shows that auctoritas and potestas are clearly distinct – although they form together a binary system" ... He quotes Mommsen, who explains that auctoritas is "less than an order and more than an advice" ... While potestas derives from social function, auctoritas "immediately derives from the patres personal condition" ...
Auctoritas - Giorgio Agamben
... Exception (2005) Philosopher Giorgio Agamben suggests a relationship between the Roman auctoritas, Max Weber's "charismatic power", and Carl Schmitt's theoretical/ideolo ... Agamben compares auctoritas to the Führer (who embodies nomos empsuchos, νόμος ἔμψυχος, "living law") in their relationship to the observance of gramma, γράμμα, "wri ...
History Of The Constitution Of The Roman Republic - The Conflict of The Orders (367–287 BC) - The Failure of The Conflict of The Orders
... This approval came in the form of an auctoritas patrum ("authority of the fathers" or "authority of the Patrician senators") ... The lex Publilia modified this process, requiring the auctoritas patrum to be passed before a law could be voted on by one of the assemblies, rather than after the law ... this modification seems to have made the auctoritas patrum irrelevant ...
Mos Maiorum - Values
... Dignitas and auctoritas ... Dignitas and auctoritas were the end result of displaying the values of the ideal Roman and the service of the state in the forms of priesthoods, military positions, and ... through this path, a Roman could earn auctoritas (“prestige and respect”) ...
History - From 471 To 27 BC - The Plebeian Council and The Conflict of The Orders
... came in the form of a decree called the auctoritas patrum ("authority of the fathers" or "authority of the patrician senators") ... The lex Publilia required the auctoritas patrum to be passed before a law could be voted on by one of the assemblies, rather than afterward ... This modification seems to have made the auctoritas patrum irrelevant ...