Athens (/ˈæθɨnz/; Modern Greek: Αθήνα, Athína; ; Katharevousa: Ἀθῆναι, Athinai; Ancient Greek: Ἀθῆναι, Athēnai) is the capital and largest city of Greece. Athens dominates the Attica region and is one of the world's oldest cities, with its recorded history spanning around 3,400 years. Classical Athens was a powerful city-state. A centre for the arts, learning and philosophy, home of Plato's Academy and Aristotle's Lyceum, it is widely referred to as the cradle of Western civilization and the birthplace of democracy, largely due to the impact of its cultural and political achievements during the 5th and 4th centuries BC in later centuries on the rest of the then known European continent. Today a cosmopolitan metropolis, modern Athens is central to economic, financial, industrial, political and cultural life in Greece. In 2008, Athens was ranked the world's 32nd richest city by purchasing power and the 25th most expensive in a UBS study.
The city of Athens has a population of 655,780 (796,442 back in 2004) within its administrative limits and a land area of 39 km2 (15 sq mi). The urban area of Athens (Greater Athens and Greater Piraeus) extends beyond the administrative municipal city limits, with a population of 3,074,160 (in 2011), over an area of 412 km2 (159 sq mi). According to Eurostat, the Athens Larger Urban Zone (LUZ) is the 7th most populous LUZ in the European Union (the 4th most populous capital city of the EU) with a population of 4,013,368 (in 2004). Athens is also the southernmost capital on the European mainland.
The heritage of the classical era is still evident in the city, represented by ancient monuments and works of art, the most famous of all being the Parthenon, considered a key landmark of early Western civilization. The city also retains Roman and Byzantine monuments, as well as a smaller number of Ottoman monuments.
Athens is home to two UNESCO World Heritage Sites, the Acropolis of Athens and the medieval Daphni Monastery. Landmarks of the modern era, dating back to the establishment of Athens as the capital of the independent Greek state in 1833, include the Hellenic Parliament (19th century) and the Athens Trilogy consisting of the National Library of Greece, the Athens University and the Academy of Athens. Athens was the host city of the first modern-day Olympic Games in 1896, and 108 years later it welcomed home the 2004 Summer Olympics. Athens is home to the National Archeological Museum, featuring the world's largest collection of ancient Greek antiquities, as well as the new Acropolis Museum.
Other articles related to "athens":
... The Athens Metro (Greek Μετρό Αθήνας, Metró Athínas) is a rapid transit system in Greece, serving the Athens conurbation and parts of East Attica ... the second-oldest metro line in the world, the Athens-Piraeus Electric Railways (ISAP S.A.), which opened in 1869 and is now part of Line 1 ... the Urban Rail Transport Company (STASY S.A.), a subsidiary of the Athens Urban Transport Organization (OASA S.A.) ...
... as Loop 10, Paul Broun Parkway or the Athens Perimeter Highway) is a beltway around Athens, Georgia, United States ... US 441, SR 8 and SR 15) that pass through the Athens area only US 78 BUS, SR 10 and SR 15 ALT pass through downtown Athens ...
... The Greek Course, Athens Estia, 1967 Anathemas and meditations, 4 Volumes, Athens Estia, 1983-1991 (in Greek) The Modern World, Athens Editions of the Friends, 1992 (in Greek) ...
... in 3086 ... (2001 to 2006 population change 1.1%) Population in 3053 ... Population in 1996 Athens (village) 997 Rear of Yonge and Escott (township) 2043 Population in 1991 Athens (village ...
... be vastly expanding it's internal network within Greece adding to its current Athens-Thessaloniki-Athens and Herakleion-Rhodes-Herakleion routes the following routes Athens-Herakleion-Athens, Athens-Rhodes-Athens ...
Famous quotes containing the word athens:
“Cracks and reforms and bursts in the violet air
Jerusalem Athens Alexandria
—T.S. (Thomas Stearns)
“Before the time I did Lysander see,
Seemed Athens as a paradise to me.
O then, what graces in my love do dwell,
That he hath turned a heaven unto a hell?”
—William Shakespeare (15641616)
“If one doubts whether Grecian valor and patriotism are not a fiction of the poets, he may go to Athens and see still upon the walls of the temple of Minerva the circular marks made by the shields taken from the enemy in the Persian war, which were suspended there. We have not far to seek for living and unquestionable evidence. The very dust takes shape and confirms some story which we had read.”
—Henry David Thoreau (18171862)