Astronomical Transit

The term transit or astronomical transit has three meanings in astronomy:

  • A transit is the astronomical event that occurs when one celestial body appears to move across the face of another celestial body, hiding a small part of it, as seen by an observer at some particular vantage point. If the first celestial body hides a major part, or all of, the second celestial body, then it is an occultation rather than a transit.
  • A transit occurs when a celestial body crosses the meridian due to the Earth's rotation, about halfway between rising and setting. For instance, the Sun transits the meridian at solar noon. Observation of meridian transits was once very important for timekeeping purposes (see transit instrument).
  • The term star transit is used for the passage of a star through the eyepiece of a telescope. Precise observations of elevation or time are carried out to determine star positions or the local vertical (geographic latitude/longitude).

The rest of this article refers to the first kind of transit.

Read more about Astronomical Transit:  Definition, Mutual Planetary Transits and Occultations, Contacts

Other articles related to "astronomical transit, transit, astronomical":

Astronomical Transit - Contacts
... During a transit there are four "contacts", when the circumference of the small circle (small body disk) touches the circumference of the large circle (large body disk) at a single point ... contact was one of the most accurate ways to determine the positions of astronomical bodies ... ("exterior egress") A fifth named point is that of greatest transit, when the apparent centers of the two bodies are nearest to each other, halfway through the transit ...

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