Astronomer Royal is a senior post in the Royal Households of the United Kingdom. There are two officers, the senior being the Astronomer Royal dating from 22 June 1675; the second is the Astronomer Royal for Scotland dating from 1834.
King Charles II, who founded the Royal Observatory Greenwich in 1675 instructed the first Astronomer Royal John Flamsteed, "... forthwith to apply himself with the most exact care and diligence to the rectifying the tables of the motions of the heavens, and the places of the fixed stars, so as to find out the so-much desired longitude of places for the perfecting the art of navigation."
From that time until 1972 the Astronomer Royal was Director of the Royal Observatory Greenwich. As Astronomer Royal he receives a stipend of 100 GBP per year and is a member of the Royal Household, under the general authority of the Lord Chamberlain. After the separation of the two offices the position of Astronomer Royal has been largely honorary, though he remains available to advise the Sovereign on astronomical and related scientific matters, and the office is of great prestige.
There was also formerly a Royal Astronomer of Ireland.
Other articles related to "astronomer royal, astronomer, astronomers":
... Green was appointed as Assistant to the Astronomer Royal, James Bradley, succeeding the astronomer Charles Mason who left to join the expedition to the Cape of Good Hope to observe the 1761 transit of Venus ... In 1763, Green, along with the astronomer Nevil Maskelyne, was instructed by the Board of Longitude to make the voyage to Barbados to act as monitors of the test of John Harrison's H4 chronometer, which ... Bliss' work until the appointment of a new Astronomer Royal ...
... Ralph Copeland (3 September 1837 – 27 October 1905) was an English astronomer and the third Astronomer Royal for Scotland ... Later he appointed many German astronomers as assistants, such as Oswald Lohse ... On 29 January 1889, Copeland became Astronomer Royal for Scotland, whereupon he first worked at the Calton Hill Observatory, Edinburgh ...
... with Sir Harold Spencer Jones, his predecessor as Astronomer Royal ... Cleator's Rockets Through Space, Woolley wrote On appointment as Astronomer Royal, he reiterated his long-held view that "space travel is utter bilge" ... must have been immediately aware of what the new Astronomer Royal was riled about." ...
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