Assay offices are institutions set up to assay (test the purity of) precious metals, in order to protect consumers. Upon successful completion of an assay, (i.e. if the metallurgical content is found to be equal or better than that claimed by the maker and it otherwise conforms to the prevailing law) the assay offices typically stamp a hallmark, punze, or poinçon on the item to certify its metallurgical content. Hallmarking first appeared in France, with the Goldsmiths' Statute of 1260 promulgated under Etienne Boileau, Provost of Paris, for King Louis IX.
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... This is the first widely used copy machine for offices and is a commercial success, being used for over a century ... has to be sent over 70 miles (110 km) to the nearest assay office, at Chester, to be assayed and hallmarked, with the attendant risks of damage and loss ... Boulton petitions Parliament for the establishment of an assay office in Birmingham ...
... After arriving in the "Old Pueblo" in March 1880, he established an assay office (the "Washington M ... Jacobs Assay Office and Chemical Laboratory") and continued in the assay business until he died on May 23, 1899 while visiting Los Angeles, California ... as Justice of the Peace of the Tucson Precinct of Pima County in 1887 and started his term of office on January 1, 1888 for a period of two years ...
... to Boulton's work was the lack of an assay office in Birmingham ... but silver plate had to be sent over 70 miles (110 km) to the nearest assay office, at Chester, to be assayed and hallmarked, with the attendant risks ... hall at Birmingham." Boulton petitioned Parliament for the establishment of an assay office in Birmingham ...
... There is one assay office at Borås ... The assay office is privatized and the concession was awarded to Inspecta Corporation is an independent, international qualification requirements fulfilling inspection ...
... The Sheffield Assay Office is one of the four remaining Assay Offices in the UK, the other three being in London, Birmingham, and Edinburgh ... joined with those of Birmingham to petition Parliament for the establishment of Assay Offices in their respective cities ... to allow Birmingham and Sheffield the right to assay silver ...
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