Ashkenazi Jewish Intelligence
Whether Ashkenazi Jews tend to have higher intelligence than other ethnic groups has been an occasional subject of scientific controversy. A 2005 scientific paper, "Natural History of Ashkenazi Intelligence," proposed that Ashkenazi Jews as a group inherit higher verbal and mathematical intelligence but lower spatial intelligence than other ethnic groups, on the basis of inherited diseases and the peculiar economic situation of Ashkenazi Jews in medieval Europe. Opposing this hypothesis are explanations for the congenital illnesses in terms of the founder effect, explanations of intellectual successes by reference to Jewish culture's promotion of scholarship and learning, and doubts about whether a group difference in intelligence really exists.
Read more about Ashkenazi Jewish Intelligence: "Natural History of Ashkenazi Intelligence", Other Evolutionary Theories, Does A Group Difference in Intelligence Exist?, Problems With The Genetic Explanation
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... After the destruction of the Second Temple in 70 CE, Jewish culture replaced its emphasis on ritual with an emphasis on study and scholarship ... possibly providing a non-genetic explanation for contemporary Ashkenazi Jews' high IQs and prevalence in intellectual fields ...
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