Armand Hammer (May 21, 1898 – December 10, 1990) was an American business manager and owner, most closely associated with Occidental Petroleum, a company he ran for decades, though he was known as well for his art collection, his philanthropy, and for his close ties to the Soviet Union.
Hammer's business interests around the world and his "citizen diplomacy" helped him cultivate a wide network of friends and acquaintances.
He appeared frequently on television, commenting on international relations or agitating for research into a cure for cancer. As of 2008, he has been the subject of five biographies — in 1975 (Considine, authorized biography), 1985 (Bryson, coffee table book), Weinberg 1989, Blumay 1992, and Epstein 1996 — and two autobiographies (1932 and a best seller in 1987). His art collection and his philanthropic projects were the subject of numerous publications as well.
Other articles related to "armand hammer, hammer":
... In the 1930s Victor and Armand Hammer may have purchased the egg ... A sales catalog for Armand Hammer's 1934 exhibition at Lord and Taylor in New York describes a "miniature silver armour holding wheelbarrow with Easter Egg, made by Fabergé, court jeweler" which seems to ... Armand Hammer may have been unaware of the significance of this item if it was in fact the 1888 Imperial egg, since he had a habit of promoting imperial items yet ...
... Hammer was born in Los Angeles, California ... mother, Dru Ann (née Mobley), is a former bank loan officer, and his father, Michael Armand Hammer, owns several businesses, including Knoedler Publishing and Armand Hammer ... were oil tycoon and philanthropist Armand Hammer and Russian-born actress Olga Von Root ...
... Dark Side of Power The Real Armand Hammer, by Carl Blumay, Simon Schuster, November 1992, ISBN 978-0-671-70053-9 Biographical Dictionary of American Business Leaders (pp ... Ingham, Greenwood Press, 1983, ISBN 0-313-23908-8 Hammer Odyssey of an Entrepreneur (book review) The Remarkable Life of Dr ... Armand Hammer by Bob Considine The Secret History of Armand Hammer by Edward Jay Epstein Hammer by Armand Hammer with Neil Lyndon Armand Hammer ...
Famous quotes containing the words hammer and/or armand:
“You may chisel a boy into shape, as you would a rock, or hammer him into it, if he be of a better kind, as you would a piece of bronze. But you cannot hammer a girl into anything. She grows as a flower does.”
—John Ruskin (18191900)
“The mind is the greatest of all human forces. Control the mind and you control the body.”
—Griffin Jay, Randall Faye, and Lew Landers. Armand Tesla (Bela Lugosi)