Aristotelian Physics

Aristotelian Physics, the natural sciences, are described in the works of the Greek philosopher Aristotle (384 BC – 322 BC). In the Physics, Aristotle established general principles of change that govern all natural bodies; both living and inanimate, celestial and terrestrial—including all motion, change in respect to place, change in respect to size or number, qualitative change of any kind, and coming to be and passing away. As Martin Heidegger, one of the foremost philosophers of the twentieth century, once wrote,

Aristotelian "physics" is different from what we mean today by this word, not only to the extent that it belongs to antiquity whereas the modern physical sciences belong to modernity, rather above all it is different by virtue of the fact that Aristotle's "physics" is philosophy, whereas modern physics is a positive science that presupposes a philosophy.... This book determines the warp and woof of the whole of Western thinking, even at that place where it, as modern thinking, appears to think at odds with ancient thinking. But opposition is invariably comprised of a decisive, and often even perilous, dependence. Without Aristotle's Physics there would have been no Galileo.

To Aristotle, physics is a broad term that includes all nature sciences, such as philosophy of mind, body, sensory experience, memory and biology, and constitutes the foundational thinking underlying many of his works.

Read more about Aristotelian PhysicsAncient Concepts, Medieval Commentary, Life and Death of Aristotelian Physics

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Cosmology In Medieval Islam - Cosmology in The Medieval Islamic World - Astronomical Physics and Earth's Motion
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... and Corpuscularianism as a hybrid or an alternative to Aristotelian physics had begun to mount outside the classroom ... Galileo identified some basic problems with Aristotelian physics through his experiments ... The current Aristotelian theories of impetus and terrestrial motion were inadequate to explain these ...
Life and Death of Aristotelian Physics
... The reign of Aristotelian physics lasted for almost two millennia, and provides the earliest known speculative theories of physics ... After the work of Galileo, Descartes, and many others, it became generally accepted that Aristotelian physics was not correct or viable ... moon was not entirely smooth, but had craters and mountains, contradicting the Aristotelian idea of an incorruptible perfectly smooth moon ...
Ali Qushji - Contributions To Astronomy - Concerning The Supposed Dependence of Astronomy Upon Philosophy
... interference of Aristotelianism in astronomy, Qushji rejected Aristotelian physics and completely separated natural philosophy from Islamic astronomy, allowing ... This allowed him to explore alternatives to the Aristotelian notion of a stationary Earth, as he explored the idea of a moving Earth instead ... motions," both moved “in a single way,” though he still relied on Aristotelian physics to provide "certain principles that only the natural philosophers could provide the ...

Famous quotes containing the words physics and/or aristotelian:

    We must be physicists in order ... to be creative since so far codes of values and ideals have been constructed in ignorance of physics or even in contradiction to physics.
    Friedrich Nietzsche (1844–1900)

    Neither Aristotelian nor Russellian rules give the exact logic of any expression of ordinary language; for ordinary language has no exact logic.
    Sir Peter Frederick Strawson (b. 1919)