Architecture of Turkey - 1920s and 1930s: First National Architectural Movement and Modernism

1920s and 1930s: First National Architectural Movement and Modernism

First National Architectural Movement (in Turkish: Birinci Ulusal Mimarlik Akimi) was an architectural movement led by Turkish architects Vedat Tek and Mimar Kemaleddin Bey. Followers of the movement wanted to create a new architecture which was based on motifs from Ottoman architecture but without Arabic or Islamic references. The movement was also labelled Turkish Neoclassical or the National Architectural Renaissance. The other followers of this movement were Arif Hikmet Koyunoglu and Giulio Mongeri. Buildings from this era are the State Art and Sculpture Museum (1927–30), Ethnography Museum of Ankara (1925–28), Bebek Mosque, Kamer Hatun Mosque and Tayyare Apartment Building.

There were various architectural experiments in the 1920s and 1930s as well. Ankara Central Station (1937) and Florya Atatürk Marine Mansion (1935) are considered as more contemporary architectural examples of the era.

  • First Ziraat Bank Headquarters (1925–29) in Ankara designed by Giulio Mongeri is an important symbol of the First National Architectural Movement.

  • State Art and Sculpture Museum designed by Arif Hikmet Koyunoğlu (1927–30)

  • Designed by Şekip Akalın, Ankara Central Station (1937) is a notable art deco design of its era.

Read more about this topic:  Architecture Of Turkey

Famous quotes containing the words movement, modernism and/or national:

    ...I lost myself in my work and never felt that marriage would give me the security I wanted. I thought that through the trade union movement we working women could get better conditions and security of mind.
    Mary Anderson (1872–1964)

    By Modernism I mean the positive rejection of the past and the blind belief in the process of change, in novelty for its own sake, in the idea that progress through time equates with cultural progress; in the cult of individuality, originality and self-expression.
    Dan Cruickshank (b. 1949)

    What do we mean by patriotism in the context of our times? I venture to suggest that what we mean is a sense of national responsibility ... a patriotism which is not short, frenzied outbursts of emotion, but the tranquil and steady dedication of a lifetime.
    Adlai Stevenson (1900–1965)