Archaeology And The Book Of Mormon
Since the publication of the Book of Mormon in 1830, both Mormon and non-Mormon archaeologists have studied its claims in reference to known archaeological evidence. Members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints and other denominations of the Latter Day Saint movement generally believe that the Book of Mormon describes ancient historical events in the Americas, but mainstream historians and archaeologists do not regard the Book of Mormon as a work of ancient American history.
The Book of Mormon describes God's dealings with three heavily populated, literate, and advanced civilizations in the Americas over the course of several hundred years. The book primarily deals with the Nephites and the Lamanites, who it claims existed in the Americas from about 600 BC to about AD 400. It also deals with the rise and fall of the Jaredite nation, which the Book of Mormon claims came from the Old World shortly after the confounding of the languages at the Tower of Babel.
Critics and supporters disagree as to whether archaeological findings support or disprove the historicity of the Book of Mormon. Some Mormon archaeologists and researchers claim various archaeological findings such as place names, and ruins of the Inca, Maya, Olmec, and other ancient American and Old World civilizations as giving credence to the Book of Mormon record. Critics and non-Mormon archaeologists disagree with these conclusions, arguing that the Book of Mormon mentions several animals, plants, and technologies that are not substantiated by the archaeological record between 3100 BC to 400 AD in America, including the ass, cattle, horses, oxen, domesticated sheep, swine, goats, elephants, wheat, barley, silk, steel, swords, scimitars, chariots and other elements. Further, scientists note that genetic studies show that Amerind peoples are most likely of Asiatic origin, which conflicts with the Book of Mormon account of their ancestry. Mormon archaeologists deal with the genetics problem in a variety of ways.
Read more about Archaeology And The Book Of Mormon: Archaeology Research in Pre-Columbian Americas and The Book of Mormon, Anachronisms and Archaeological Findings
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... civilization is recognized by academia to correlate with the Nephites of the Book of Mormon ... The Book of Mormon makes no mention of Lamanites or Nephites erecting impressive works of hewn stone as did the Maya or various South American peoples ... Some believe that LDS scripture indicates that events surrounding the Book of Mormon occurred anciently in the Great Lakes region ...
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