Apostolic Vicariate

An apostolic vicariate is a form of territorial jurisdiction of the Roman Catholic Church established in missionary regions and countries where a diocese has not yet been established. It is essentially provisional, though it may last for a century or more. The hope is that the region will generate sufficient numbers of Catholics for the Church to create a diocese.

An apostolic vicariate is led by a vicar apostolic who is usually a titular bishop. While such a territory can be classed as a particular church, according to canon 371.1 of the Latin Code of Canon Law, a vicar apostolic's jurisdiction is an exercise of the jurisdiction of the Pope — the territory thus comes directly under the pope as "universal bishop", and the pope exercises this authority through a “vicar” or delegate. This is unlike the jurisdiction of a diocesan bishop, whose jurisdiction derives directly from his office.

Like any ecclesiastical jurisdiction, an apostolic vicariate may be administered by the bishop of a neighbouring diocese, or by a priest appointed transitionally as an apostolic administrator. As in a regular diocese, the vicar apostolic may appoint priests as vicars exercising limited jurisdiction over the apostolic vicariate.

An apostolic vicariate is to be distinguished from an apostolic prefecture, a similar type of territory that is usually under the leadership of a priest. The latter is not organised enough to be termed an apostolic vicariate. The less developed instance is the mission sui iuris, under some type of superior. The usual sequence of development is mission, apostolic prefecture, apostolic vicariate, and finally diocese.

The apostolic vicariate is distinguished from a territorial abbacy (or "abbey nullius") — an area not a diocese but under the direction of the abbot of a monastery.

Other articles related to "apostolic vicariate, vicariate, apostolic":

Apostolic Vicariates - Oceania
... Vicariate Apostolic of Central Oceania Vicariate Apostolic of Western Oceania Vicariate Apostolic of Fiji Vicariate Apostolic of Marquesas Islands Vicariate Apostolic of New Pomerania ...
List Of Roman Catholic Dioceses In Bolivia - List of Dioceses - Sui Iuris Jurisdictions
... Military Ordinariate of Bolivia Apostolic Vicariate of Camiri Apostolic Vicariate of El Beni o Beni Apostolic Vicariate of Ñuflo de Chávez Apostolic Vicariate of Pando Apostolic Vicariate of Reyes ...
Apostolic Vicariate Of Puerto Maldonado
... The Apostolic Vicariate of Puerto Maldonado (Latin Vicariatus Apostolicus Portus Maldonadi) is a Roman Catholic apostolic vicariate located in the city of Puerto Maldonado in Peru ...
Roman Catholic Archdiocese Of Kota Kinabalu
... Originally erected in 1855 as the apostolic prefecture of Labuan e Borneo, the prefecture was created from territory from the former Apostolic Vicariate of Batavia ... In 1927 the prefecture was renamed the Apostolic Prefecture of Northern Borneo, and split to form the Apostolic prefecture of Sarawak ... In 1952 the prefecture was elevated and renamed the Apostolic Vicariate of Jesselton ...
List Of Roman Catholic Dioceses In Ecuador - Apostolic Vicariates
... Apostolic Vicariate of Aguarico Apostolic Vicariate of Esmeraldas Apostolic Vicariate of Galapagos Apostolic Vicariate of Méndez Apostolic Vicariate of Napo Apostolic Vicariate of Puyo Apostolic Vicariate ...