Antioch

Antioch

Antioch on the Orontes (Greek: Ἀντιόχεια ἡ ἐπὶ Ὀρόντου; or Ἀντιόχεια ἡ ἐπὶ Δάφνῃ, "Antioch on Daphne"; or Ἀντιόχεια ἡ Μεγάλη, "Antioch the Great"; Antakya in Turkish; Syriac: ܐܢܛܝܘܟܝܐ Anṭiokia; Hebrew: אנטיוכיה, antiyokhya; Georgian: ანტიოქია; Armenian: Անտիոք Antiok; Latin: Antiochia ad Orontem; Arabic:انطاکیه, Anṭākiya; also Syrian Antioch) was an ancient city on the eastern side of the Orontes River. It is near the modern city of Antakya, Turkey.

Founded near the end of the 4th century BC by Seleucus I Nicator, one of Alexander the Great's generals, Antioch's geographic, military and economic location, particularly the Spice trade, the Silk Road, the Persian Royal Road, benefited its occupants, and eventually it rivaled Alexandria as the chief city of the Near East. As a result of its longevity and historical industriousness, Antioch was called a cradle of Christianity. It was one of the four cities of the Syrian tetrapolis. Its residents are known as Antiochenes. Once a great metropolis of half a million people, it declined to insignificance during the Middle Ages because of repeated earthquakes, the Crusaders' invasions, and a change in trade routes following the Mongol conquests, which then no longer passed through Antioch from the far east.

Read more about AntiochGeography, Archaeology, Notable People

Other articles related to "antioch":

Constance Of Hungary - Family
... of Béla III of Hungary and his first wife Agnes of Antioch ... Her maternal grandparents were Raynald of Châtillon and Constance of Antioch (joint princes of Antioch) ...
Censorius Datianus - Biography
... He had some properties in Antioch, where he built public baths, some gardens and some villas ... In 354 he managed to allow Libanius to return to Antioch ... In 363 he was old he was in Antioch when Julian died ...
Christian Monasticism Before 451 - Antioch
... Antioch, when John Chrysostom was a young man, was full of ascetics and the neighbouring mountains were peopled with hermits ... Palestine and Antioch are examples of the rapid spread of monasticism outside of Egypt ...
Saint Paul - Conversion and Mission - First Missionary Journey
... The first journey, led initially by Barnabas, takes Paul from Antioch to Cyprus then southern Asia Minor (Anatolia), and back to Antioch ... Paul and Barnabas go on to Pisidian Antioch ... Antioch served as a major Christian center for Paul's evangelizing ...
Antioch, Clarke County, Alabama
... Antioch is a small community in Clarke County, Alabama, United States, located south of Grove Hill along US Highway 43 ...