Andrew Jackson

Andrew Jackson (March 15, 1767 – June 8, 1845) was the seventh President of the United States (1829–1837). Based in frontier Tennessee, Jackson was a politician and army general who defeated the Creek Indians at the Battle of Horseshoe Bend (1814), and the British at the Battle of New Orleans (1815). A polarizing figure who dominated the Second Party System in the 1820s and 1830s, as president he dismantled the Second Bank of the United States and initiated ethnic cleansing and forced relocation of Native American tribes from the Southeast to west of the Mississippi River. His enthusiastic followers created the modern Democratic Party. The 1830–1850 period later became known as the era of Jacksonian democracy.

Jackson was nicknamed "Old Hickory" because of his toughness and aggressive personality; he fought in duels, some fatal to his opponents. He was a wealthy slaveholder. He fought politically against what he denounced as a closed, undemocratic aristocracy, adding to his appeal to common citizens. He expanded the spoils system during his presidency to strengthen his political base.

Elected president in 1828, Jackson supported a small and limited federal government. He strengthened the power of the presidency, which he saw as spokesman for the entire population, as opposed to Congressmen from a specific small district. He was supportive of states' rights, but during the Nullification Crisis, declared that states do not have the right to nullify federal laws. Strongly against the national bank, he vetoed the renewal of its charter and ensured its collapse. Whigs and moralists denounced his aggressive enforcement of the Indian Removal Act, which resulted in the forced relocation of thousands of Native Americans to Indian Territory (now Oklahoma). Historians acknowledge his protection of popular democracy and individual liberty for United States citizens, but criticize him for his support for slavery and for his role in Indian removal.

Read more about Andrew JacksonEarly Life and Education, Early Military Service, Legal and Political Career, Election of 1824, Election of 1828, Election of 1832, Presidency 1829–1837, Family and Personal Life, Jackson On U.S. Postage, Memorials

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Andrew Jackson - Memorials
... See also List of places named for Andrew Jackson Jackson's portrait appears on the United States twenty-dollar bill ... Jackson's image is on the Black Jack and many other postage stamps ... counties and cities are named after him, including Jacksonville, Florida and North Carolina Jackson, Louisiana, Michigan, Mississippi, Missouri, and Tennessee Jackson County, Florida, Mississippi ...
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Second Inauguration Of Andrew Jackson
... The second inauguration of Andrew Jackson as the seventh President of the United States took place in the House chamber of the U.S ... The inauguration marked the commencement of the second four-year term of Andrew Jackson as President and the only four-year term of Martin Van Buren as Vice President ... Jackson was sworn in by Chief Justice John Marshall on a frigid day with snow still on the ground ...
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... death Campbell, John WilsonJohn Wilson Campbell Andrew Jackson 01829-03-07March 7, 1829 01833-09-24September 24, 1833 death Creighton, Jr. 01829-02-16February 16, 1829 nomination rejected by the Senate Tappan, BenjaminBenjamin Tappan Andrew Jackson 01833-10-12October 12, 1833 01834-05-29May 29, 1834 nomination rejected by the ... Leavitt Andrew Jackson 01834-06-30June 30, 1834 01855-02-10February 10, 1855 reassigned to Southern District of Ohio Term start Term end United States Attorney 1802 ...
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... The Boy of The Waxhaws (Andrew Jackson), by Anna Hyatt Huntington, Garrett Gardens, Columbia College, 1967 ... Hampton Lancaster The Boy of The Waxhaws (Andrew Jackson), by Anna Hyatt Huntington, Andrew Jackson State Park, 1967 ...

Famous quotes by andrew jackson:

    I carried $5000 when I went to Washington. I returned with barely $90 in our [sic] pockets.
    Andrew Jackson (1767–1845)

    Our Union, it must be preserved.
    Andrew Jackson (1767–1845)

    All the historians are Harvard people. It just isn’t fair. Poor old Hoover from West Branch, Iowa, had no chance with that crowd; nor did Andrew Jackson from Tennessee. Nor does Lyndon Johnson from Stonewall, Texas. It just isn’t fair.
    Lyndon Baines Johnson (1908–1973)

    If they [Mexicans] touch the hair of the head of one of our citizens, tell him [Commodore Dallas] to batter down and destroy their town and exterminate the inhabitants from the face of the earth!
    Andrew Jackson (1767–1845)