Allophone

In phonology, an allophone ( /ˈæləfoʊn/; from the Greek: ἄλλος, állos, "other" and φωνή, phōnē, "voice, sound") is one of a set of multiple possible spoken sounds (or phones) used to pronounce a single phoneme. For example, (as in pin) and (as in spin) are allophones for the phoneme /p/ in the English language. Although a phoneme's allophones are all alternative pronunciations for a phoneme, the specific allophone selected in a given situation is often predictable. Changing the allophone used by native speakers for a given phoneme in a specific context usually will not change the meaning of a word but the result may sound non-native or unintelligible. Native speakers of a given language usually perceive one phoneme in their language as a single distinctive sound in that language and are "both unaware of and even shocked by" the allophone variations used to pronounce single phonemes.

Read more about AllophoneHistory of Concept, Complementary and Free-variant Allophones, Allotone, Examples in English Vs. Other Languages, Representing A Phoneme With An Allophone

Other articles related to "allophone, allophones":

Allotone
... In phonology, an allophone ( /ˈæləfoʊn/ from the Greek ἄλλος, állos, "other" and φωνή, phōnē, "voice, sound") is one of a set of multiple possible spoken sounds (or ... For example, (as in pin) and (as in spin) are allophones for the phoneme /p/ in the English language ... Although a phoneme's allophones are all alternative pronunciations for a phoneme, the specific allophone selected in a given situation is often predictable ...
Allophone (disambiguation)
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Representing A Phoneme With An Allophone
... However, when there are complementary allophones of a phoneme, so that the allophony is significant, things become more complicated ... Often, if only one of the allophones is simple to transcribe, in the sense of not requiring diacritics, then that representation is chosen for the phoneme ... However, there may be several such allophones, or the linguist may prefer greater precision than this allows ...
Allotone - Representing A Phoneme With An Allophone
... However, when there are complementary allophones of a phoneme, so that the allophony is significant, things become more complicated ... Often, if only one of the allophones is simple to transcribe, in the sense of not requiring diacritics, then that representation is chosen for the phoneme ... However, there may be several such allophones, or the linguist may prefer greater precision than this allows ...
Allotone - Complementary and Free-variant Allophones
... There are two types of allophones, based on whether a phoneme must be pronounced using a specific allophone in a specific situation, or whether the speaker has freedom to (un ... When a specific allophone (from a set of allophones that correspond to a phoneme) must be selected in a given context (i.e ... using a different allophone for a phoneme will cause confusion or make the speaker sound non-native), the allophones are said to be complementary (i.e ...