Academy of Sciences

An Academy of Sciences is a national academy or another learned society dedicated to sciences.

In non-English speaking countries, the range of academic fields of the members of a national Academy of Science often includes fields which would not normally be classed as "science" in English. Many languages use a broad term for systematized learning which includes both natural and social sciences and fields such as literary studies, history, art history etc. which are not typically labelled "sciences" in English. This can be illustrated by contrasting examples from the English speaking world and the non-English speaking world. The Australian Academy of Sciences is an organization of natural scientists, reflecting the English use of the term "scientist." There are separate academies for Arts, Humanities and Social Science. The Hungarian "Academy of Science" (Magyar Tudományos Akadémia) however, has members drawn from many other areas of academia, including those not considered science in English. What has presumably happened is that the Hungarian term "tudomány" has been translated as "science" - in a broad sense as it was used in English 200 years ago, and is still used in French and other languages.

As the engineering sciences have become more varied and advanced, there is a recent trend in many advanced countries to organize the national Academy of Engineering (or Engineering Sciences), separate from the national Academy of Sciences.

Examples include:

  • Afghanistan - Academy of Sciences of Afghanistan
  • Albania - Academy of Sciences of Albania
  • Armenia - Armenian Academy of Sciences
  • Austria - Austrian Academy of Sciences, Vienna
  • Australia - Australian Academy of Science
  • Azerbaijan - National Academy of Sciences of Azerbaijan
  • Bangladesh - Bangladesh Academy of Sciences
  • Belarus - National Academy of Sciences of Belarus
  • Brazil - Brazilian Academy of Sciences
  • Bulgaria - Bulgarian Academy of Sciences
  • Canada
    • Royal Society of Canada
    • Canadian Academy of Engineering
  • People's Republic of China
    • Chinese Academy of Sciences
    • Chinese Academy of Engineering
    • Chinese Academy of Social Sciences
  • Republic of China - Academia Sinica
  • Croatia - Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts
  • Czech Republic - Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic
  • Denmark - Royal Danish Academy of Sciences and Letters
  • Estonia - Estonian Academy of Sciences
  • Finland
    • Finnish Academy
    • Finnish Society of Sciences and Letters
  • France - French Academy of Sciences
  • Georgia
    • Georgian National Academy of Sciences
    • Abkhazian Regional Academy of Sciences
    • Georgian Academy of Agrarian Sciences
  • Germany
    • Berlin-Brandenburg Academy of Sciences and Humanities
    • German Academy of Sciences Leopoldina
  • Hungary - Hungarian Academy of Sciences
  • India
    • Indian Academy of Sciences
    • Indian National Science Academy
    • National Academy of Sciences, India
  • Italy - Lincean Academy, Accademia Nazionale delle Scienze
  • Israel - Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities
  • Japan - Japan Academy, 1879 founded as Tokyo Academy
  • Kazakhstan - National Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Kazakhstan
  • Kyrgyzstan - National Academy of Sciences of the Kyrgyz Republic
  • Latvia - Latvian Academy of Sciences
  • Lebanon - Lebanese Academy of Sciences
  • Lithuania - Lithuanian Academy of Sciences
  • Macedonia - Macedonian Academy of Sciences and Arts
  • Mexico - Mexican Academy of Sciences
  • Moldova - Academy of Sciences of Moldova
  • Morocco - Hassan II Academy of Sciences and Technologies
  • Netherlands - Royal Netherlands Academy of Sciences
  • Norway
    • Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters, Oslo
    • Royal Norwegian Society of Science and Letters, Trondheim
    • Norwegian Academy of Technological Sciences, Trondheim
  • Pakistan
    • Pakistan Academy of Sciences
  • Poland
    • Polish Academy of Sciences
    • Polish Academy of Learning
  • Portugal - Lisbon Academy of Sciences
  • Russia - Russian Academy of Sciences
  • Slovakia - Slovak Academy of Sciences
  • Sri Lanka - National Academy of Sciences of Sri Lanka
  • Soviet Union - Soviet Academy of Sciences
  • Spain - Spanish Royal Academy of Sciences
  • Sweden - Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences
  • Switzerland - Swiss Academy of Sciences
  • Thailand - Royal Institute of Thailand
  • Turkey - Turkish_Academy_of_Sciences
  • Ukraine - National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
  • United Kingdom
    • Royal Society
    • Royal Academy of Engineering
    • Royal Society of Arts
    • Scotland - Royal Society of Edinburgh
  • United States
    • United States National Academy of Sciences
      • California - California Academy of Sciences
      • Missouri - Academy of Science, St. Louis
      • New York - New York Academy of Sciences
      • Texas - Texas Academy of Sciences
    • United States National Academy of Engineering
    • Institute of Medicine
    • American Academy of Arts and Sciences
  • Vatican City - Pontifical Academy of Sciences
  • Jordan and the Islamic world - Islamic World Academy of Sciences (IAS)
  • Developing world - TWAS

Other articles related to "academy of sciences, academy of, science, academy of science, academy":

Huazhong University Of Science And Technology - Notable Faculty and Alumni - Members of National Academies - Academy of Sciences, China
... (沈其震), Tongji Class 1923, elected in 1955, Physiologist, founding president of Academy of Medicine China and China Union Medical University ... Mengchao Wu (吴孟超), Tongji Class 1949, 2005 National Science Technology Awardee ...
Jacques Benveniste - Attempts To Replicate Benveniste's Results - Academy of Sciences
... In 1991, Benveniste found the French Academy of Sciences willing to publish his latest results, obtained under the supervision of a statistician, in its weekly Proceedings ... writing in Le Monde relates how the remorseful Academy of Science noticed that an earlier edition contained a study critical of the memory of water ... Seizing on this opportunity, the Academy ordered the printing to stop and the already printed copies destroyed, so that it could print a revised edition, in which Benveniste's article was labeled a mere "r ...

Famous quotes containing the words sciences and/or academy:

    The well-educated young woman of 1950 will blend art and sciences in a way we do not dream of; the science will steady the art and the art will give charm to the science. This young woman will marry—yes, indeed, but she will take her pick of men, who will by that time have begun to realize what sort of men it behooves them to be.
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    ...I have come to make distinctions between what I call the academy and literature, the moral equivalents of church and God. The academy may lie, but literature tries to tell the truth.
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