Academic Freedom

Academic freedom is the belief that the freedom of inquiry by students and faculty members is essential to the mission of the academy, and that scholars should have freedom to teach or communicate ideas or facts (including those that are inconvenient to external political groups or to authorities) without being targeted for repression, job loss, or imprisonment.

Academic freedom is a contested issue and, therefore, has limitations in practice. In the United States, for example, according to the widely recognized "1940 Statement on Academic Freedom and Tenure", teachers should be careful to avoid controversial matter that is unrelated to the subject. When they speak or write in public, they are free to express their opinions without fear from institutional censorship or discipline, but they should show restraint and clearly indicate that they are not speaking for their institution. Academic tenure protects academic freedom by ensuring that teachers can be fired only for causes such as gross professional incompetence or behavior that evokes condemnation from the academic community itself.

Read more about Academic FreedomRationale, Academic Freedom For Professors, Academic Freedom For Colleges and Universities, Relationship To Freedom of Speech, Controversies

Other articles related to "academic freedom, academic, freedom":

Academic Freedom At Brigham Young University - Academic Freedom Issues - Case Studies
... Soon after adopting their statement on academic freedom in 1992, BYU took actions which some have viewed as related to the implementation of the new ... than the controversial content of the affected professor's academic activities ... Some of the professors dismissed for academic reasons claim that their publishing credentials were stronger than many of their colleagues ...
Caroline Crocker - George Mason University
... teaching both evolution and intelligent design was "an infringement of academic freedom", and appealing the case to a grievance committee ... She was teaching material which was not part of the curriculum of the courses, and academic freedom does not give the freedom to ignore the expected course content ... design, and that though they wholeheartedly supported academic freedom, "teachers also have a responsibility to stick to subjects they were hired to teach, and intelligent design ...
Canadian Association Of University Teachers - Academic Freedom
... more central place in CAUT's operations today, the defense of academic freedom remains a core priority ... According to the CAUT policy statement, the association defines academic freedom as follows Academic freedom includes the right, without restriction by ... to investigate cases of alleged violations of academic freedom as in the Crowe case ...
Canadian Association Of University Teachers - History
... issues of "salaries and pensions, sabbatical leave and academic freedom." In 1958, CAUT was confronted with one of the most prominent academic freedom cases in Canada ... violated due process, natural justice and academic freedom ... oversaw the development of policy statements on governance, academic freedom and tenure, and throughout the 1960s CAUT focused much of its work on ensuring stronger protections for academic freedom ...
Academic Freedom - Controversies - Specific Cases
... While some controversies of academic freedom are reflected in proposed laws that would affect large numbers of students through entire regions, many cases ... periodically test the limits of, and support for, academic freedom ... Carolina in the early 20th century was an important event in the history of academic freedom ...

Famous quotes containing the words freedom and/or academic:

    Pharisaism, obtuseness and tyranny reign not only in the homes of merchants and in jails; I see it in science, in literature, and among youth. I consider any emblem or label a prejudice.... My holy of holies is the human body, health, intellect, talent, inspiration, love and the most absolute of freedoms, the freedom from force and falsity in whatever forms they might appear.
    Anton Pavlovich Chekhov (1860–1904)

    You know lots of criticism is written by characters who are very academic and think it is a sign you are worthless if you make jokes or kid or even clown. I wouldn’t kid Our Lord if he was on the cross. But I would attempt a joke with him if I ran into him chasing the money changers out of the temple.
    Ernest Hemingway (1899–1961)