Academic Freedom

Academic freedom is the belief that the freedom of inquiry by students and faculty members is essential to the mission of the academy, and that scholars should have freedom to teach or communicate ideas or facts (including those that are inconvenient to external political groups or to authorities) without being targeted for repression, job loss, or imprisonment.

Academic freedom is a contested issue and, therefore, has limitations in practice. In the United States, for example, according to the widely recognized "1940 Statement on Academic Freedom and Tenure", teachers should be careful to avoid controversial matter that is unrelated to the subject. When they speak or write in public, they are free to express their opinions without fear from institutional censorship or discipline, but they should show restraint and clearly indicate that they are not speaking for their institution. Academic tenure protects academic freedom by ensuring that teachers can be fired only for causes such as gross professional incompetence or behavior that evokes condemnation from the academic community itself.

Read more about Academic FreedomRationale, Academic Freedom For Professors, Academic Freedom For Colleges and Universities, Relationship To Freedom of Speech, Controversies

Other articles related to "academic freedom, freedom, academic":

Caroline Crocker - George Mason University
... teaching both evolution and intelligent design was "an infringement of academic freedom", and appealing the case to a grievance committee ... She was teaching material which was not part of the curriculum of the courses, and academic freedom does not give the freedom to ignore the expected course content or ... and that though they wholeheartedly supported academic freedom, "teachers also have a responsibility to stick to subjects they were hired to teach, and intelligent design belonged in a ...
Academic Freedom At Brigham Young University - Academic Freedom Issues - Case Studies
... Soon after adopting their statement on academic freedom in 1992, BYU took actions which some have viewed as related to the implementation of the new ... controversial content of the affected professor's academic activities ... Some of the professors dismissed for academic reasons claim that their publishing credentials were stronger than many of their colleagues ...
Canadian Association Of University Teachers - History
... association of faculty to deal with issues of "salaries and pensions, sabbatical leave and academic freedom." In 1958, CAUT was confronted with one of the most prominent academic freedom cases in Canada ... that Crowe's dismissal violated due process, natural justice and academic freedom ... Reid oversaw the development of policy statements on governance, academic freedom and tenure, and throughout the 1960s CAUT focused much of its work on ...
Canadian Association Of University Teachers - Academic Freedom
... a much more central place in CAUT's operations today, the defense of academic freedom remains a core priority ... CAUT policy statement, the association defines academic freedom as follows Academic freedom includes the right, without restriction by prescribed doctrine, to freedom of teaching and discussion freedom in carrying out ... investigate cases of alleged violations of academic freedom as in the Crowe case ...
Academic Freedom - Controversies - Specific Cases
... While some controversies of academic freedom are reflected in proposed laws that would affect large numbers of students through entire regions, many cases involve individual ... may receive widespread attention and periodically test the limits of, and support for, academic freedom ... University in North Carolina in the early 20th century was an important event in the history of academic freedom ...

Famous quotes containing the words freedom and/or academic:

    ... the sentimentalist ... exclaims: “Would you have a woman step down from her pedestal in order to enter practical life?” Yes! A thousand times, yes! If we can really find, after a careful search, any women mounted upon pedestals, we should willingly ask them to step down in order that they may meet and help to uplift their sisters. Freedom and justice for all are infinitely more to be desired than pedestals for a few.
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    The poker player learns that sometimes both science and common sense are wrong; that the bumblebee can fly; that, perhaps, one should never trust an expert; that there are more things in heaven and earth than are dreamt of by those with an academic bent.
    David Mamet (b. 1947)