The division was formed in November 1937 on the initiative of General Sir Archibald Montgomery-Massingberd, the Chief of the Imperial General Staff (CIGS). At the time, it was named the The Mobile Division. The choice of the division's General Officer Commanding reflected the tensions within the army. The Secretary of State for War (Leslie Hore-Belisha) wanted a Royal Tank Corps officer to command, as tanks would be the main force of the division, but Montgomery-Massingberd wanted a cavalry officer. Supporters of Montgomery-Massingberd proposed that the tank element of the division should be formed from cavalry regiments equipped with light tanks only, and that the tank brigade and its heavier tanks be removed from the division. The compromise was the appointment of Major-General Alan Brooke, who was from the Royal Artillery. When Brooke was promoted, his replacement was a cavalry officer.
As formed the Mobile Division was made up of the 1st and 2nd Light Armoured Brigades, the 1st Tank Brigade, artillery, engineers and signals. Its paper strength was 620 armoured fighting vehicles, but seven eighths of these were reconnaissance vehicles, and of those some were being simulated by trucks. The heavier tanks were in the tank brigade, and until cruiser tanks started deliveries in December 1938 they were obsolete Medium Tanks. At the same time, the organization of the division was changed to a Light Armoured Brigade (three regiments with light and cruiser tanks), a Heavy Armoured Brigade (three regiments of cruiser tanks) and a Support Group (motorized rifle battalion, motorized artillery regiment and a company of engineers). In practice, with insufficient cruiser tanks to equip the division, there was no difference in numbers and type of tanks between the light and heavy brigade.
Read more about this topic: 1st Armoured Division (United Kingdom)
Other articles related to "formation, formations":
... The standard Gibbs free energy of formation of a compound is the change of Gibbs free energy that accompanies the formation of 1 mole of that substance from its component elements, at ... have 0 standard Gibbs free energy change of formation, as there is no change involved ...
... Rolling Sandhills formations are found in the north-central and southwestern areas of the county ... At Enders Dam this formation is found at a depth of 175 feet (53 m) below the valley floor ... The Ogallala Formation of Pliocene Age overlies the Pierre Shale ...
... At the time of formation the group's producer was Sven Lõhmus ... Kivi had been friends with Kuurmaa for some time before the formation of the group, whilst Järvis and Siska had performed together in the past ...
... This provisional government with Dupont de l'Eure as its president, consisted of Lamartine for foreign affairs, Crémieux for justice, Ledru-Rollin for the interior, Carnot for public instruction, Goudchaux for finance, Arago for the navy, and Burdeau for war ... Garnier-Pagès was mayor of Paris ...
... Formation of the primitive streak is reliant upon nodal signaling within the cells contributing to the primitive streak and BMP4 signaling from the extraembryonic tissue ... establish bilateral symmetry, determine the site of gastrulation and initiate germ layer formation ... and migrate during the process of gastrulation and germ layer formation ...
Famous quotes containing the word formation:
“The formation of an oppositional world view is necessary for feminist struggle. This means that the world we have most intimately known, the world in which we feel safe ... must be radically changed. Perhaps it is the knowledge that everyone must change, not just those we label enemies or oppressors, that has so far served to check our revolutionary impulses.”
—Bell (c. 1955)
“It is because the body is a machine that education is possible. Education is the formation of habits, a superinducing of an artificial organisation upon the natural organisation of the body.”
—Thomas Henry Huxley (18251895)
“I want you to consider this distinction as you go forward in life. Being male is not enough; being a man is a right to be earned and an honor to be cherished. I cannot tell you how to earn that right or deserve that honor. . . but I can tell you that the formation of your manhood must be a conscious act governed by the highest vision of the man you want to be.”
—Kent Nerburn (20th century)