1961 Indian Annexation of Goa

The 1961 Indian annexation of Goa (also referred to as Invasion of Goa, the Liberation of Goa and the Portuguese-Indian War), was an action by India's armed forces that ended colonial rule of Portugal in its Indian enclaves in 1961. The armed action, codenamed Operation Vijay by the Indian government, involved air, sea and land strikes for over 36 hours, and was a decisive victory for India, ending 451 years of Portuguese colonial rule in Goa. Twenty two Indians and thirty Portuguese were killed in the fighting. The brief conflict drew a mixture of worldwide praise and condemnation. In India, the action was seen as a liberation of historically Indian territory, while Portugal viewed it as an aggression against national soil.

Read more about 1961 Indian Annexation Of Goa:  Background, Portuguese Surrender, Portuguese Actions Post-hostilities, Internment and Repatriation of POWs, International Reaction To The Capture of Goa, Cultural Depiction

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