As a means of recording the passage of time, the 12th century is the period from 1101 to 1200 in accordance with the Julian calendar in the Common Era. In the history of European culture, this period is considered part of the High Middle Ages and is sometimes called the Age of the Cistercians. In Song Dynasty China an invasion by Jurchens causes a political schism of north and south. The Khmer Empire of Cambodia flourished during this century, while the Fatimids of Egypt were overtaken by the Ayyubid dynasty.
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... The current site of the church itself was built by Robert, 1st Earl of Gloucester in 1121 and consecrated in 1137 ... The original structure of the church was a cruciform without aisles, but with the increases in population, the north and south aisles were added within 40 years of each other around the start of the 13th century ...
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“Whoever happens to give birth to mischievous children lives always with unending grief in his spirit and heart.”
—Hesiod (c. 8th century B.C.)