Édouard-Alfred Martel

Édouard-Alfred Martel (1 July 1859, Pontoise, Val-d'Oise – 3 June 1938, Montbrison), the 'father of modern speleology', was a world pioneer of cave exploration, study, and documentation. Martel explored thousands of caves in his native France and many other countries, popularised the pursuit of cave exploration, introduced the concept of speleology as a distinct area of study, maintained an extensive archive, and in 1895 founded the Société de Spéléologie, the first organisation devoted to cave science in the world.

Read more about Édouard-Alfred MartelExploration, Speleology, Bibliography

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Édouard-Alfred Martel - Bibliography - Articles
... sciences 118 615–617, 1894, http//gallica.bnf.fr/ark/12148/bpt6k3074r.image.hl.r=martel.f615.langEN "Sur le gouffre de Gaping-Ghyll (Angleterre. 125 622–625, http//gallica.bnf.fr/ark/12148/bpt6k30813.image.r=martel.f622.langEN.hl "British Caves and Speleology", The Geographical Journal X (5) 500–511, 1897, http//archive.org/strea ...